What To Know about HIV and COVID-19*
Serious disease risk of COVID-19 in persons with HIV is not known exactly, but persons with HIV may have concerns and questions about potential risks.
Are persons with HIV under a greater risk of COVID-19 than other persons?
Now, there is no specific information about risk of COVID-19 in persons with HIV. Immunosuppression risk is not known, but some persons with HIV have greater risk of disease with other viral respiratory tract infections.
Persons with HIV may have greater risk of undergoing COVID-19 more severely depending on their ages and other medical conditions.
What can persons with HIV do to be protected from COVID-19?
There is no vaccine or drug to prevent COVID-19. Persons with HIV must take daily protective measures to help prevent spread of COVID-19. They must continue to lead a healthy life.
Staying healthy helps your immune system fight with infection. If you are HIV positive and take medication for HIV, you must continue your treatment and follow suggestions of your doctor. This is the best way to keep your immune system healthy.
What Should I Do If I Think I am COVID-19 Positive?
If you develop complaints compatible with COVID-19, apply to the closest health institution / your doctor / or call 184.
What else can persons with HIV who have greater risk of undergoing COVID-19 more severely do to be protected?
Almost half of persons diagnosed with HIV in the United States are over the age of 50. Persons living with HIV are more prone to some underlying health problems. Both increasing age and other diseases may increase severity of COVID-19 infection especially in persons with advanced HIV infection.
Measured that persons with HIV can take in addition to those suggested for everyone:
Can drugs (antiretrovirals) used for treatment of HIV be used to treat COVID-19?
Some drugs used for HIV (lopinavir / ritonavir in particular) are clinically researched for treatment of COVID-19. Even there is some evidence that such HIV drugs may help treat SARS and MERS (other two coronavirus diseases associated with the virus causing COVID-19) infections, there is no adequate data if they can help persons diagnosed with COVID-19. Persons living with HIV should not change their HIV treatments by themselves to prevent or treat COVID-19.
Can HIV drugs (ART) or drugs used to reduce pre-contact risk (PrEP) be sufficiently supplied?
No insufficiency for drugs used to treat HIV is reported.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) keeps a close watch on supply chain of drugs since COVID-19 pandemic has the potential to break supply chain medical and pharmaceutical products in the USA.
*Text content was taken from the website of CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).